More Japanese women are employed in temporary, 여자알바 irregular jobs in Japan than they are in the United States (Shambaugh, 2017). Women workers in Japan generally earn 30%-40% less money and have less benefits such as time off and medical coverage than their male counterparts for jobs that require equivalent training and experience. For a long time, Japanese women have been behind men in employment relative to their American counterparts. Even before the downturn, nearly 70% of women between 20 and 24 years old were working jobs that offered little benefits and few security benefits, according to government employment surveys.
Yet younger, married mothers are still mostly out of the labor force, and many women who are back in the labor force are in temporary, part-time jobs that pay low wages and offer little security. Many part-time and temporary workers in Japan are well-off, married women looking for some additional income. Employment opportunities for younger women, particularly those without a university degree, are generally limited to low-paying, dead-end jobs or temp positions.
The positive picture implied by this narrowing gap is complicated by the fact that a larger share of women graduates are employed in part-time jobs, and the fact that although many firms conduct unrestricted corporate introduction meetings and conduct other recruitment activities that include college women, in practice they may not provide adequate or equitable employment opportunities to women. Japanese women are not given the same opportunities to pursue full-time jobs or move up the executive ranks that American women do.
Women in their twenties make almost as much money as men of the same age, since women are allowed to work full-time and generally have access to the same employment opportunities that men do. Even the temporary waitresses and the ones on the lower end of the wage scale make at least $20 per hour, nearly double what the majority of temporary positions earn.
For work, an increasing number of Japanese women appear to think hosting — which can easily pay $100,000 per year, or up to $300,000 for top stars — makes financial sense. Hostesses are a popular choice of employment among younger, overseas women in Japan, because the demand is strong. Atsushi Miura, a specialist in this field, said that hostesses would remain popular with Japanese women, so long as there were no other good-paying jobs. With this line of work, called hosting, being one of the more profitable jobs available to women, and Japan being deep in the recession, hosting positions are becoming more sought after, with hostesses themselves becoming respected, and even celebrated.
It can be a labyrinth navigating a job search in your own country, which can make finding a part-time position in Japan all the more daunting. The best place to look for a part-time job in Japan is on the Internet, whether you are searching in English or in Japanese. It takes some work to get a part-time job in Japan, but with a student visa and some elbow grease, the experience pays off in spades. This makes part-time jobs an excellent way to get a foot into Japanese business culture without jumping right in.
Keep in mind, jobs involving working with the public are likely to require at least a certain level of Japanese skills. It is for this reason that some language schools advise students to wait several months before starting looking for part-time jobs, particularly if they are total beginners. Part-time language teachers are harder to find and more competitive, so you will need to build a good reputation or portfolio, as well as networking, consistently before getting that dream salary. If you want a bigger pay, leverage your unique skills and find a job as a part-time language instructor, driver, tour guide, writer, content creator, model, actor, coder, translator, etc.
Light jobs typically need a flexible schedule as they come and go fairly quickly. In terms of scheduling, most places are pretty relaxed on what days you will be working and taking off during the week. That is, students working full-time, full-time, 28 hours a work on top of full-time language studies often find that their studies suffer. Those who remain employed usually do so at jobs that are an absolute drain on their abilities.
While women have made progress, cultural expectations still prevent women from taking on more full-time jobs. While there are more women working than there are people working in America, they are struggling to get government representation and to get outside the cultural norms that are assigned to them. An even greater obstacle to womens advancement is Japans famously demanding business culture, especially the expectation that work hours run from the wee hours of morning until the wee hours of midnight.
Japan considered the issue of declining fertility urgently important, and passed a Child Care Act in 1991, stating employers could not deny requests by both men and women for leave to care for children younger than a year old.
In other wealthy countries, higher birthrates almost always come with higher employment of women, and Japans own fertility rates are higher in rural areas, where more women are employed, than in big cities, where few are.
Because it is assumed that most women leave the workforce when they get married–a phenomenon known as the happy resignation–at many home-based firms, college graduates are automatically placed on the office maid track, a dead-end supporting-staff role whose duties include making tea for the male managers, dusting the desks, and serving drinks at off-hours functions. When women who have left the labor force for marriages and children enter the labor force again when they are in their 40s, they often find the only jobs available to them are part-time positions that offer little pay and little skills. Generally speaking jobs that nearly every Japanese person could hold, like working in a konbini or a restaurant, are poorly paid and may have a lot of stress. The tripling means the opportunities for foreigners working part-time jobs in Japan are poised to grow.